Kidney stones – Definition, Symptoms, and Home Remedies
A kidney stone, or nephrolithiasis, is a solid mineral formation that deposits inside your kidneys. However, It can also be found in any place along the urinary tract.
According to one study, kidney stones affect up to 12% of the general population in a lifetime.
In this article, we will briefly cover the signs and symptoms of kidney stones, then shift gears to some home remedies.
Signs and symptoms of kidney stones
Kidney stones are characterized by classic symptoms that help your doctor to make the diagnosis.
Here are the most common signs and symptoms seen with kidney stones:
Pain on one side of the mid-back that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin region is a classic symptom seen in kidney stones. The pain gets triggered by the distension of the renal capsule (an important part of the kidney).
The severity of the pain varies significantly from one patient to another, depending on how fast the distension occurred and the level of obstruction.
Moreover, patients often report episodic pain, where they experience severe pain on one day, then nothing on the next.
Dysuria describes pain during urination.
Blood in urine
The irritation of the inner layer of the urethra causes small blood vessels to bleed. As a result, urine will have a pink, red, or brownish color.
- Urinary urgency
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills
There are several home remedies out there with questionable effectiveness. However, the following remedies were scrutinized by independent clinical research, and the results were favorable:
Dehydration is a primary factor that triggers kidney stones. Therefore, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that drinking enough water helps with this condition. In fact, proper hydration is what you will receive at the hospital.
You can get a sense of your hydration status by looking at the color of your urine first thing in the morning; if it’s dark-yellow or brownish, it means you’re not drinking enough water.
Drinking beverages with low pH prevents the aggregation of minerals and the growth of bacteria.
The vast majority of stones form when the pH is alkaline (above 7), which is also the case for bacterial infections. When you decrease the pH of your urinary tract, minerals will not be able to stick together, and bacteria will die.
Examples of acidic drinks include:
- Lemon juice
- Apple cider vinegar
- Fruit juices
Over the years, researchers identified several foods with nephro-protecting (protect the kidneys) properties, including:
- Vitamin B6
Kidney stones are very common in the general population due to poor dietary and lifestyle choices. Some types of kidney stones are the result of genetic predisposition.
We hope that this article conveyed the classic symptoms of kidney stones and what you can do about them from home.